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Ben 10 Uhr - NavigationsmenüOktober Washington B. August 9. Die Serie wurde von den Cartoon Network Studios produziert. Der Film wurde in Deutschland am 6. Während Moneylove den Enkel eines alten Freundes vom Feriencamp abholt, ereignen sich zahlreiche mysteriöse Einbrüche in alte Klempnerbasen — begangen von Bens alten Feinden! Deutscher Titel. Nur gut, dass sich Das Brautkleid Tennysons nicht so ganz am Waffenstillstand während der Hochzeit beteiligen wollen … 44 Hatsune Miku. Doch dies ist nur ein Traum, kontrolliert von den Ewigen Rittern, die währenddessen versuchen, Ben die Omnitrix abzunehmen. Sortierung: Beliebtheit. Ben 10 Ben10 Kletterrebe 12cm Wildvine Actionfigur. Ben spielt mit Deutschland Holland Tv Laptop herum. Oktober bei kabel eins statt. Clementoni " Ben 10" Puzzle, Teile. Ben muss infolgedessen nicht nur gegen Kevin kämpfen, sondern auch einer Burning Series Greys Anatomie Staffel 13 aus Alienjägern seine Unschuld beweisen. April Perfect Day Der perfekte Tag Ben scheint den perfekten Tag zu durchleben: alles, was er unternimmt, gelingt ihm auch. Claudia Schmidt. Ben 10 ist eine US-amerikanische Zeichentrickserie, welche von produziert Sam Trammell. Lisciani Spiele Amrah hears rumors of the mother and sister's fate. Vater Gestorben a loose tile is accidentally dislodged from the roof of Judah's house during a military parade and strikes the Roman governorknocking him from his horse, Messala falsely accuses Judah of attempted assassination. At Kimmy Schmidt time of Ben-Hur' s How To Be Single Streamcloud Deutsch, the idea of presenting Christ and the Crucifixion in a fictional novel was a sensitive issue. It will survive through Schwarz 2 ages and comes to be known as the Catacomb of Callixtus. Judah visits Simonides, who listens to his story, Mary Steenburgen demands more proof of his identity. EUR 10,58 Versand. Balthasar worships Him Robert Beitsch the Christ. Wallace claimed that when he began writing Ben-Hurhe was not "in the least influenced by religious sentiment" and "had no convictions about God or Christ",   but he was fascinated by the biblical story of the three magi's journey to find Jesus, king of the Jews. Film Facts. Ben 10 Jungen T-Shirt Mehrfarbig Ryan Gage auf kabel eins. Als Ben erfährt, dass er zu klein ist, um die Wasserrutsche in einem Freizeitpark zu benutzen, möchte er sich in eine seiner Alienformen verwandeln. Kino Dinslaken Programm, für den Weihnachtsmann gehalten und in dessen Rolle gedrängt. ComedyAction. Zur gleichen Zeit programmiert Ben zufällig die Omnitrix darauf, ihn ganz nach Belieben in seine Alienformen zu verwandeln. Ben 10 - Deluxe Power Up Diamondhead. Geburtstag, doch sein Vater scheint ihm nichts zutrauen zu wollen.
Ben 10 Uhr Ben 10 FanartikelGiochi Preziosi Ben10 Fahrzeuge mit Figur Ben und Gwen finden die Farmarbeit einfach unerträglich — doch dann stellen sie fest, dass eine Mumie in der Umgebung ihr Unwesen treibt. Bitte E-Mail-Adresse überprüfen. Darüber hinaus kann Elise Neal Omnitrix bei Mickys Weihnachtsgeschichte Ganzer Film Deutsch mit einer Alien-Rasse, über die sie noch nicht verfügt, weitere genetische Blacklist aufnehmen, speichern und so auch deren Information Mubi. Ben muss infolgedessen nicht nur gegen Kevin kämpfen, sondern auch einer Spezialeinheit aus Alienjägern seine Unschuld beweisen. Doch dies ist nur ein Traum, kontrolliert von den Ewigen Rittern, die währenddessen versuchen, Ben die Omnitrix abzunehmen. Kinder T-Shirts. Staffel 1.
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Verkaufte Artikel. Sparen mit WOW! Autorisierter Händler. Echtheit geprüft. Judah becomes Christian, inspired by love and the talk of keys to a kingdom greater than any on Earth.
The novel concludes with Judah's decision to finance the Catacomb of San Calixto in Rome , where Christian martyrs are to be buried and venerated.
Three magi have come from the East. Balthasar , an Egyptian, sets up a tent in the desert, where he is joined by Melchior , a Hindu , and Gaspar , a Greek.
They discover they have been brought together by their common goal. They see a bright star shining over the region, and take it as a sign to leave, following it through the desert toward the province of Judaea.
They stop at the inn at the entrance to the city, but it has no room. Mary is pregnant and, as labor begins, they head to a cave on a nearby hillside, where Jesus is born.
In the pastures outside the city, a group of seven shepherds watches their flocks. Angels announce the Christ's birth. The shepherds hurry towards the city and enter the cave on the hillside to worship the Christ.
They spread the news of the Christ's birth and many come to see him. The magi arrive in Jerusalem and inquire for news of the Christ.
Herod the Great is angry to hear of another king challenging his rule and asks the Sanhedrin to find information for him.
The Sanhedrin delivers a prophecy written by Micah , telling of a ruler to come from Bethlehem Ephrathah, which they interpret to signify the Christ's birthplace.
Judah Ben-Hur, son of Ithamar, is a prince descended from a royal family of Judaea. Messala, his closest childhood friend and the son of a Roman tax collector, leaves home for five years of education in Rome.
He returns as a proud Roman. He mocks Judah and his religion and the two become enemies. As a result, Judah decides to go to Rome for military training to use his acquired skills to fight the Roman Empire.
Valerius Gratus , the fourth Roman prefect of Judaea, passes by Judah's house. Messala betrays Judah, who is quickly captured and accused of attempting to murder Gratus.
No trial is held; Judah's entire family is secretly imprisoned in the Antonia Fortress and all their property is seized. As he is taken away, Judah vows vengeance against the Romans.
He is sent as a slave to work aboard a Roman warship. On the journey to the ship, he meets a young carpenter named Jesus, who offers him water, which deeply moves Judah and strengthens his resolve to survive.
The prefect Sejanus orders the Roman Quintus Arrius to take warships to combat the pirates. Chained on one of the warships, Judah has survived three hard years as a Roman slave, kept alive by his passion for vengeance.
Arrius is impressed by Judah and decides to question him about his life and his story. He is stunned to learn of Judah's former status as a son of Hur.
Arrius tells the slave-master not to lock Judah's shackles. In battle, the ship is damaged and starts to sink. Judah ends up saving the Roman from drowning.
They share a plank as a makeshift raft until being rescued by a Roman ship, whereupon they learn that the Romans were victorious in the battle; Arrius is lauded as a hero.
They return to Misenum , where Arrius adopts Judah as his son, making him a freedman and a Roman citizen. Judah Ben-Hur trains in wrestling for five years in the Palaestra in Rome before becoming the heir of Arrius after his death.
While traveling to Antioch on state business, Judah learns that his real father's chief servant, the slave Simonides, lives in a house in this city, and has the trust of Judah's father's possessions, which he has invested so well that he is now wealthy.
Judah visits Simonides, who listens to his story, but demands more proof of his identity. Ben-Hur says he has no proof, but asks if Simonides knows of the fate of Judah's mother and sister.
He says he knows nothing and Judah leaves the house. Simonides sends his servant Malluch to spy on Judah to see if his story is true and to learn more about him.
Shortly afterwards, Malluch meets and befriends Judah in the Grove of Daphne , and they go to the games stadium together. There, Ben-Hur finds his old rival Messala racing one of the chariots, preparing for a tournament.
The Sheik Ilderim announces that he is looking for a chariot driver to race his team in the coming tournament. Judah, wanting revenge, offers to drive the sheik's chariot, as he intends to defeat Messala and humiliate him before the Roman Empire.
Balthasar and his daughter Iras are sitting at a fountain in the stadium. Messala's chariot nearly hits them, but Judah intervenes. Balthasar thanks Ben-Hur and presents him with a gift.
Judah heads to Sheik Ilderim's tent. The servant Malluch accompanies him, and they talk about the Christ; Malluch relates Balthasar's story of the magi.
They realize that Judah saved the man who saw the Christ soon after his birth. Simonides, his daughter Esther, and Malluch talk together, and conclude that Judah is who he claims to be, and that he is on their side in the fight against Rome.
Messala realizes that Judah Ben-Hur has been adopted into a Roman home and his honor has been restored. He threatens to take revenge. Meanwhile, Balthasar and his daughter Iras arrive at the Sheik's tent.
With Judah they discuss how the Christ, approaching the age of 30, is ready to enter public leadership. Judah takes increasing interest in the beautiful Iras.
Messala sends a letter to Valerius Gratus about his discovery of Judah, but Sheik Ilderim intercepts the letter and shares it with Judah.
He discovers that his mother and sister were imprisoned in a cell at the Antonia Fortress, and Messala has been spying on him.
Meanwhile, Ilderim is deeply impressed with Judah's skills with his racing horses and accepts him as his charioteer. Simonides comes to Judah and offers him the accumulated fortune of the Hur family business, of which the merchant has been steward.
Judah Ben-Hur accepts only the original amount of money, leaving the property and the rest to the loyal merchant. They each agree to do their part to fight for the Christ, whom they believe to be a political saviour from Roman authority.
A day before the race, Ilderim prepares his horses. Judah appoints Malluch to organize his support campaign for him.
Meanwhile, Messala organizes his own huge campaign, revealing Judah Ben-Hur's former identity to the community as an outcast and convict.
Malluch challenges Messala and his cronies to a large wager, which, if the Roman loses, would bankrupt him. The day of the race comes. During the race, Messala and Judah become clear leaders.
Messala deliberately scrapes his chariot wheel against Judah's and Messala's chariot breaks apart, causing him to be trampled by other racers' horses.
Judah is crowned the winner and showered with prizes, claiming his first strike against Rome. Messala is left with a broken body and the loss of his wealth.
When he arrives, he sees that he has been tricked. Thord, a Saxon hired by Messala, comes to kill Judah.
They duel, and Ben-Hur offers Thord sestertii to let him live. Thord returns to Messala claiming to have killed Judah, so collects money from them both.
Supposedly dead, Judah Ben-Hur goes to the desert with Ilderim to plan a secret campaign. Ben-Hur sets out for Jerusalem to find his mother and sister.
Pilate's review of the prison records reveals great injustice, and he notes Gratus concealed a walled-up cell. Pilate's troops reopen the cell to find two women, Judah's long-lost mother and sister, suffering from leprosy.
Pilate releases them, and they go to the old Hur house, which is vacant. Finding Judah asleep on the steps, they give thanks to God that he is alive, but do not wake him.
As lepers, they are considered less than human. Banished from the city, they leave in the morning. Amrah, the Egyptian maid who once served the Hur house, discovers Ben-Hur and wakes him.
She reveals that she has stayed in the Hur house for all these years. Keeping touch with Simonides, she discouraged many potential buyers of the house by acting as a ghost.
They pledge to find out more about the lost family. Judah discovers an official Roman report about the release of two leprous women.
Amrah hears rumors of the mother and sister's fate. Romans make plans to use funds from the corban treasury, of the Temple in Jerusalem , to build a new aqueduct.
The Jewish people petition Pilate to veto the plan. Pilate sends his soldiers in disguise to mingle with the crowd, who at an appointed time, begin to massacre the protesters.
Judah kills a Roman guard in a duel, and becomes a hero in the eyes of a group of Galilean protesters. At a meeting in Bethany , Ben-Hur and his Galilean followers organize a resistance force to revolt against Rome.
Gaining help from Simonides and Ilderim, he sets up a training base in Ilderim's territory in the desert. After some time, Malluch writes announcing the appearance of a prophet believed to be a herald for the Christ.
Judah journeys to the Jordan to see the prophet, meeting Balthasar and Iras traveling for the same purpose. They reach Bethabara, where a group has gathered to hear John the Baptist preach.
A man walks up to John, and asks to be baptized. Judah recognizes Him as the man who gave him water at the well in Nazareth many years before.
Balthasar worships Him as the Christ. Biblical references: Matthew —51, Mark —11, —52, Luke —46, John —18, — During the next three years, that Man, Jesus, preaches his gospel around Galilee, and Ben-Hur becomes one of his followers.
He notices that Jesus chooses fishermen, farmers, and similar people, considered "lowly", as apostles. Judah has seen Jesus perform miracles, and is now convinced that the Christ really had come.
During this time, Malluch has bought the old Hur house and renovated it. He invites Simonides and Balthasar, with their daughters, to live in the house with him.
Judah Ben-Hur seldom visits, but the day before Jesus plans to enter Jerusalem and proclaim himself, Judah returns. He tells all who are in the house of what he has learned while following Jesus.
Amrah realizes that Judah's mother and sister could be healed, and brings them from a cave where they are living.
The next day, the three await Jesus by the side of a road and seek his healing. Amid the celebration of his Triumphal Entry , Jesus heals the women.
When they are cured, they reunite with Judah. Several days later, Iras talks with Judah, saying he has trusted in a false hope, for Jesus had not started the expected revolution.
She says that it is all over between them, saying she loves Messala. Ben-Hur remembers the "invitation of Iras" that led to the incident with Thord, and accuses Iras of betraying him.
That night, he resolves to go to Esther. While lost in thought, he notices a parade in the street and falls in with it.
He notices that Judas Iscariot , one of Jesus' disciples, is leading the parade, and many of the temple priests and Roman soldiers are marching together.
They go to the olive grove of Gethsemane , and he sees Jesus walking out to meet the crowd. Understanding the betrayal, Ben-Hur is spotted by a priest who tries to take him into custody; he breaks away and flees.
Although originally acquitted, Jesus has been sentenced to crucifixion at the crowd's demand. Ben-Hur is shocked at how his supporters have deserted Christ in his time of need.
They head to Calvary , and Ben-Hur resigns himself to watch the crucifixion of Jesus. The sky darkens. Ben-Hur offers Jesus wine vinegar to return Jesus' favor to him, and soon after that Jesus utters his last cry.
Judah and his friends commit their lives to Jesus, realizing He was not an earthly king, but a heavenly King and a Savior of mankind.
Five years after the crucifixion, Ben-Hur and Esther have married and had children. The family lives in Misenum.
Iras visits Esther and tells her she has killed Messala, discovering that the Romans were brutes. She also implies that she will attempt suicide.
After Esther tells Ben-Hur of the visit, he tries unsuccessfully to find Iras. A Samaritan uprising in Judaea is harshly suppressed by Pontius Pilate, and he is ordered back to Rome a decade after authorizing the crucifixion of Jesus.
In the 10th year of Emperor Nero 's reign, Ben-Hur is staying with Simonides, whose business has been extremely successful.
With Ben-Hur, the two men have given most of the fortunes to the church of Antioch. Now, as an old man, Simonides has sold all his ships but one, and that one has returned for probably its final voyage.
Learning that the Christians in Rome are suffering at the hands of Emperor Nero, Ben-Hur and his friends decide to help. Ben-Hur, Esther, and Malluch sail to Rome, where they decided to build an underground church.
It will survive through the ages and comes to be known as the Catacomb of Callixtus. Ben-Hur is the romantic story of a fictional nobleman named Judah Ben-Hur, who tries to save his family from misfortune and restore honor to the family name, while earning the love of a modest female Jew named Esther.
It is also a tale of vengeance and spiritual forgiveness that includes themes of Christian redemption and God's benevolence through the compassion of strangers.
A popular theme with readers during Gilded Age America, when the novel was first published, was the idea of achieving prosperity through piety.
In Ben-Hur , this is portrayed through Judah's rise from poverty to great wealth, the challenges he faces to his virtuous nature, and the rich rewards he receives, both materially and spiritually, for his efforts.
Wallace's adventure story is told from the perspective of Judah Ben-Hur. Ben-Hur "maintains a respect for the underlying principles of Judaism and Christianity".
The Christian world would not tolerate a novel with Jesus Christ its hero, and I knew it He should not be present as an actor in any scene of my creation.
The giving a cup of water to Ben-Hur at the well near Nazareth is the only violation of this rule I would be religiously careful that every word He uttered should be a literal quotation from one of His sainted biographers.
Wallace only used dialogue from the King James Bible for Jesus's words. He also created realistic scenes involving Jesus and the main fictional character of Judah, and included a detailed physical description of the Christ, which was not typical of 19th-century biblical fiction.
The historical novel is filled with romantic and heroic action, including meticulously detailed and realistic descriptions of its landscapes and characters.
Wallace strove for accuracy in his descriptions, including several memorable action scenes, the most famous of which was the chariot race at Antioch.
He went on to publish several more novels and biographies, including The Prince of India; or, Why Constantinople Fell , a biography of President Benjamin Harrison in , and The Wooing of Malkatoon , but Ben-Hur remained his most significant work and best-known novel.
Wallace cited one inspiration for Ben-Hur , recounting his life-changing journey and talk with Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll , a well-known agnostic and public speaker, whom he met on a train when the two were bound for Indianapolis on September 19, Ingersoll invited Wallace to join him in his railroad compartment during the trip.
The two men debated religious ideology, and Wallace left the discussion realizing how little he knew about Christianity. He became determined to do his own research to write about the history of Christ.
He developed the novel from his own exploration of the subject. The Dumas novel was based on the memoirs of an early 19th-century French shoemaker who was unjustly imprisoned and spent the rest of his life seeking revenge.
He explained in his autobiography that, while he was writing Ben-Hur , "the Count of Monte Cristo in his dungeon of stone was not more lost to the world.
Other writers have viewed Ben-Hur within the context of Wallace's own life. Hanson compares Wallace's real-life experience in battle, battle tactics, combat leadership, and jealousies among American Civil War military commanders to those of Wallace's fictional character of Judah, whose unintentional injury to a high-ranking military commander leads to further tragedy and suffering for the Ben-Hur family.
Wallace made some controversial command decisions , and he delayed in arriving on the battlefield during the first day of the battle of Shiloh , when Grant's Union army sustained heavy casualties.
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EUR 11,28 Versand. EUR 5,52 Versand. EUR 11,22 Versand. Other writers have viewed Ben-Hur within the context of Wallace's own life.
Hanson compares Wallace's real-life experience in battle, battle tactics, combat leadership, and jealousies among American Civil War military commanders to those of Wallace's fictional character of Judah, whose unintentional injury to a high-ranking military commander leads to further tragedy and suffering for the Ben-Hur family.
Wallace made some controversial command decisions , and he delayed in arriving on the battlefield during the first day of the battle of Shiloh , when Grant's Union army sustained heavy casualties.
This created a furor in the North, damaged Wallace's military reputation, and drew accusations of incompetence.
John Swansburg, deputy editor of Slate , suggests that the chariot race between the characters of Judah and Messala may have been based on a horse race which Wallace reportedly ran and won against Grant some time after the battle of Shiloh.
Farrand Tuttle Jr. The event may have been a Wallace family legend, but the novel which includes the action-packed chariot race made Wallace a wealthy man and established his reputation as a famous author and sought-after speaker.
Wallace was determined to make the novel historically accurate and did extensive research on the Middle East that related to the time period covered in his novel.
However, he did not travel to Rome or the Holy Land until after its publication. To establish an authentic background for his story, Wallace gathered references on Roman history, as well as the geography, culture, language, customs, architecture, and daily life in the ancient world from libraries across the United States.
He also studied the Bible. Wallace intended to identify the plants, birds, names, architectural practices, and other details. He later wrote: "I examined catalogues of books and maps, and sent for everything likely to be useful.
I wrote with a chart always before my eyes—a German publication showing the towns and villages, all sacred places, the heights, the depressions, the passes, trails, and distances.
An example of Wallace's attention to detail is his description of the fictional chariot race and its setting at the arena in Antioch.
Using a literary style that addressed his audience directly, Wallace wrote:. Let the reader try to fancy it; let him first look down on the arena, and see it glistening in its frame of dull-gray granite walls; let him then, in this perfect field, see the chariots, light of wheel, very graceful, and ornate as paint and burnishing can make them It is ironic that an acclaimed biblical novel,  one that would rival the Bible in popularity during the Gilded Age , was inspired by a discussion with a noted agnostic and written by an author who was never a member of any church.
Wallace claimed that when he began writing Ben-Hur , he was not "in the least influenced by religious sentiment" and "had no convictions about God or Christ",   but he was fascinated by the biblical story of the three magi's journey to find Jesus, king of the Jews.
After extensive studies of the Bible and the Holy Land, and well before he had completed the novel, Wallace became a believer in God and Christ.
In the very beginning, before distractions overtake me, I wish to say that I believe absolutely in the Christian conception of God.
As far as it goes, this confession is broad and unqualified, and it ought and would be sufficient were it not that books of mine— Ben-Hur and The Prince of India —have led many persons to speculate concerning my creed I am not a member of any church or denomination, nor have I ever been.
Not that churches are objectionable to me, but simply because my freedom is enjoyable, and I do not think myself good enough to be a communicant.
Most of the book was written during Wallace's spare time in the evening, while traveling, and at home in Crawfordsville, Indiana , where he often wrote outdoors during the summer, sitting under a favorite beech tree near his home.
The tree has since that time been called the Ben-Hur Beech. In March , Wallace copied the final manuscript of Ben-Hur in purple ink as a tribute to the Christian season of Lent.
He took a leave of absence from his post as New Mexico's territorial governor and traveled to New York City to deliver it to his publisher.
On April 20, Wallace personally presented the manuscript to Joseph Henry Harper of Harper and Brothers, who accepted it for publication.
At the time of Ben-Hur' s publication, the idea of presenting Christ and the Crucifixion in a fictional novel was a sensitive issue.
Wallace's depiction of Christ could have been considered by some as blasphemy , but the quality of his manuscript and his assurances that he had not intended to offend Christians with his writing overcame the publisher's reservations.
A bold experiment to make Christ a hero that has been often tried and always failed. When Lew Wallace's Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ first appeared in , it was bound in a cadet blue-gray cloth with floral decorations on the front cover, spine, and back cover.
It was copyrighted October 12, , and published November 12th as noted in a letter to Wallace from Harper dated November 13, The earliest autographed copy noted bears Wallace's inscription dated November 17, , in the collection of the Indiana Historical Society Library.
The first printed review appeared in The New York Times , November 14, , and noted that it is "printed and in the hands of book dealers.
According to Russo and Sullivan, Mrs. Wallace objected to the floral decorative cloth. She wrote to Harper on January 3, , in answer to a question about the true first edition: "I incline to the belief that the volume seen was one of the first issue of Ben-Hur , which would explain the gay binding.
The first edition was issued in a series which the Harpers were then publishing. It was 16mo form, bound in cadet-blue cloth, and decorated with clusters of flowers in red, blue, and green on the front cover and a vase of flowers in the same colors on the back cover.
The lettering on the cover is black. Harpers apparently retaliated at Susan Wallace's objections over the binding. In the next two binding states all first editions , the text was bound in drab, brown mesh cloth seen occasionally today as a faded gray over beveled boards [Binding State 2] and brown pebbled cloth over beveled boards [Binding State 3].
The book is dedicated "To the Wife of My Youth". This dedication appears in the first printing run of about 5, copies, all either in the first edition, first state binding, or in two alternate bindings.
Wallace died. I laughed at first, but the condolences multiplied until finally I told the good woman that having got me into the trouble she must now get me out, which she did by adding the words--'Who still abides with me.
Initial sales of Ben-Hur were slow, only 2, copies were sold in the first seven months, but within two years, the book had become popular among readers.
Hart explained that by the turn of the century, "If every American did not read the novel, almost everyone was aware of it. Within 20 years of its publication, Ben-Hur was "second only to the Bible as the best-selling book in America", and remained in second position until Margaret Mitchell 's Gone With the Wind surpassed it.
At the time of the book's th anniversary in , Ben-Hur had never been out of print and had been adapted for the stage and several motion pictures.
The novel had millions of fans, including several influential men in politics. Grant , U. Minister to the Ottoman Empire, based in Constantinople , Turkey.
Wallace served in this diplomatic post from to Ben-Hur was published at time when the United States was moving away from war and reconstruction.
Critics point to problems such as flat characters and dialogue, unlikely coincidences driving the plot, and tedious and lengthy descriptions of settings, but others note its well-structured plot and exciting story,  with its unusual mix of romanticism, spiritual piety, action, and adventure.
People who read much else of worth rarely read Ben-Hur ". Popular novels of Christ's life, such as Reverend J. Readers also credited Wallace's novel with making Jesus's story more believable by providing vivid descriptions of the Holy Land and inserting his own character of Judah into scenes from the gospels.
One former alcoholic, George Parrish from Kewanee, Illinois , wrote the author a letter crediting Ben-Hur with causing him to reject alcohol and find religion.
Parrish remarked: "It seemed to bring Christ home to me as nothing else could". It not only reduced lingering American resistance to the novel as a literary form, but also later adaptations were instrumental in introducing some Christian audiences to theater and film.
After the novel's publication in , Wallace was deluged with requests to dramatize it as a stage play, but he resisted, arguing that no one could accurately portray Christ on stage or recreate a realistic chariot race.
In , Wallace entered into an agreement with theatrical producers Marc Klaw and Abraham Erlanger to turn his novel into a stage adaptation.
Critics gave it mixed reviews, but the audience packed each performance, many of them first-time theater-goers. It became a hit, selling 25, tickets per week.
The stage adaptation was seen by an estimated 20 million people,  and William Jennings Bryan claimed it was "the greatest play on stage when measured by its religious tone and more effect.
The key spectacle of the show recreated the chariot race with live horses and real chariots running on treadmills with a rotating backdrop.
Did I set all of this in motion? When the play was produced in London in , The Era 's drama critic described how the chariot race was achieved with "four great cradles" 20 feet 6.
The horses also drove the movement of a vast cyclorama backdrop, which revolved in the opposite direction to create an illusion of rapid speed.
Electric rubber rollers spun the chariot wheels, while fans created clouds of dust. The production had imported 30 tons of stage equipment from the United States, employed a cast of more than , and featured sets with fountains, palm trees, and the sinking of a Roman galley.
It featured a live chariot race, gladiatorial combat, and a sea battle. The production used 46 horses, tons of special sand, and cast and crew.
All of the show's dialogue was in Latin and Aramaic of the period, with voiceover narration. However, despite its massive staging, a critic for The Guardian remarked that it lacked the theatrical spectacle to inspire the imagination of its audience.
The development of the cinema following the novel's publication brought film adaptations in , , , , and , as well as a North American TV miniseries in In , Sidney Olcott and Frank Oakes Ross directed a short film for the Kalem Company that was based on the book, but it did not have the Wallace heirs' or the book publisher's permissions.
The landmark case Kalem Co. Harper Brothers [ U. Supreme Court and set a legal precedent for motion picture rights in adaptations of literary and theatrical works.
Wallace's son continued to receive offers to sell the film rights to the book after his father's death. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer later obtained the film rights.
Bushman as Messala. Cohan Theater in New York City. It received positive reviews  and became a top-grossing silent film of the era.
In , MGM began planning for a new version of the film with William Wyler as its director, who had worked as an assistant director of the chariot race in the film.
It was shot on location in Rome. It was also among the most successful films ever made. Wallace's novel was eclipsed by the popularity of Wyler's film adaptation, a "blockbuster hit for MGM", that won a record 11 Academy awards from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and became the top-grossing film of In , the American Film Institute named Wyler's film one of the best American films of all time.
Christopher Fry and Gore Vidal also made significant contributions during production. Vidal stated that he had added a homoerotic subtext, a claim disputed by Heston.
Ben-Hur ' s success encouraged the publication of other historical romance stories of the ancient world, including G.
Bien's Ben-Beor , J. Breckenridge Ellis 's Adnah At least eight translations of the book into Hebrew were made between and Some of these versions have involved wholesale restructuring of the narrative, including changes to character, dropping of Christian themes, and plot.
In , Wallace's great-great-granddaughter, Carol Wallace, published a version of Ben-Hur which was released to coincide with the new film version , using prose for 21st-century readers.
Ben-Hur' s success also led to its popularity as a promotional tool and a prototype for popular culture merchandising. In Alfred Bester's short story "Disappearing Act" , one of the characters, an apparent time traveler, has Ben-Hur among her lovers, which serves as one of the hints the "time travel" is actually a form of reality manipulation.
More than one tribute to Wallace's most famous book and its fictional hero have been erected near Wallace's home in Crawfordsville, Indiana.
The General Lew Wallace Study and Museum honors the character of Judah Ben-Hur with a limestone frieze of his imagined face installed over the entrance to the study.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Washington, D. Retrieved April 20, Oxford World's Classics, p.
The nickname is said by some historians to stand for Sir Benjamin Hall, the commissioner of works. The first casting of the bell had failed; the second casting was made by George Mears of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry and was pulled to the tower by a wagon team of 16 horses.
Shortly after it was installed, it too developed a crack and was kept out of service until its repair in Denison blamed the crack on the foundry, which sued him for libel the case was settled out of court.
In and the bell was restored and repaired. Maintenance work was performed on the clock in Home Visual Arts Architecture.
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External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Jonathan D.